ⓘ मुक्त ज्ञानकोश. क्या आप जानते हैं? पृष्ठ 141

                                               

Instamatic

For the film formats associated with the Instamatic and Pocket Instamatic camera ranges, see 126 film and 110 film respectively. This camera is a series of inexpensive easy to load 126 and 110 cameras Kodak beginning in 1963. This camera has been ...

                                               

Nikkorex

The Nikon Nikkorex series were inexpensive, fixed lens 35 mm film SLR camera manufactured by the Japanese optical manufacturer Nippon following as they have been designed and marketed as an inexpensive, feature-reduced version of Nikons flagship ...

                                               

Canonet

In Canonets were a series of rangefinder cameras made by Canon from the early 1960s to early 1980s years. They were aimed at enthusiasts on a budget and more discerning point-and-shoot photographers.

                                               

सामान्य लेंस

In photography and cinematography, a normal lens is a lens that reproduces a field of view that it seems "natural" to the human observer. In contrast, the depth of compression and expansion with shorter or longer focal length introduces noticeabl ...

                                               

शटर प्राथमिकता

Shutter priority, also known as the time value refers to a setting on some cameras that allows the user to choose a specific shutter speed while the camera adjusts aperture to ensure correct exposure. This is different from manual mode where the ...

                                               

अपवर्तन

In physics, refraction is the change in direction of waves passing from one medium to another or gradual change in the environment. The refraction of light is the most commonly observed phenomenon, but also other waves such as sound waves and wat ...

                                               

Dirkon

The Dirkon paper camera kit that was first published in 1979 in the journal Communist AVS mladych technique of Czechoslovakia in peirodovedcu. The model was created Pilny, Martin, Mirek Kolář and Richard Vyskovsky. The name Dirkon is a play on wo ...

                                               

Exa-

EXA is a decimal a unit prefix in the metric system denoting 10 18 or 1 000 000. It was added as a prefix in the si international system of units in 1975, and has the symbol E. EXA comes from the Greek ἕξ hex, which is used as a prefix ἑξά -, Hex ...

                                               

Fujica

The company was founded January 20, 1934 as Fuji Shashin film K. K. production of several types of film. It was an offshoot of Dai-Nippon Celluloid K. K. 大日本セルロイド㈱ founded in 1919. The companys first CEO was Asano Shūichi 浅野修一. The p ...

                                               

Konica

Konica is a Japanese manufacturer of among other products film cameras, accessories, and process equipment, copiers, faxes and laser printers. The company has teamed up with Japanese peer Minolta in 2003 the company Konica Minolta.

                                               

Nikon

Nikon Corporation also known as Nikon is a Japanese multinational Corporation with its headquarters in Tokyo, Japan specializing in optics and imaging. Of Nikons products include cameras, lenses, binoculars, microscopes, ophthalmic lenses, measur ...

                                               

Nikon 1 AW1

The Nikon 1 aw1 is a Nikon 1 series high-speed mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera from Nikon. It is waterproof, durable, high speed camera number with 15 meters water resistance under pressure, shockproof to 2 metres, freezeproof down to -10 ...

                                               

Nikon Coolpix P7000

                                               

Nikon 1

The Nikon D1 is a digital single-lens reflex camera, made by Nikon Corporation introduced June 15, 1999. It showed a 2.7 megapixel image sensor, 4.5 frames per second continuous shooting and accepted the full range of Nikon f-mount lenses. The ca ...

                                               

Nikon DX प्रारूप

Nikon DX format is an alternative name used by Nikon Corporation for APS-C image sensor format approximately 24x16 mm. Its dimensions are about 2 ⁄ 3 of these in 35mm format. The format was created by Nikon for digital SLR cameras equipped with D ...

                                               

Nikon F3

The Nikon F3 was Nikons third professional single-lens reflex camera body, preceded by the f and F2. Introduced in 1980, it is manual and semi-automatic exposure control whereby the camera chooses the correct shutter speed. For Nikon F3 series ha ...

                                               

Nikon F4

The Nikon F4 is a 35mm autofocus single lens reflex film camera introduced in 1988 as the next generation of Nikons line of f series professional cameras. With industrial design by Giorgetto Giugiaro, in F4 was the first professional Nikon with p ...

                                               

Nikon F5

Nikon F5 film 35mm SLR camera manufactured by Nikon from 1996 through 2004. It was the fifth in Nikons professional film camera line, which began in 1959 with the Nikon F. it followed the Nikon F4 of 1988, which was introduced in body autofocus t ...

                                               

Nikon F6

The Nikon F6 Is a 35mm film single-lens reflex camera body that became commercially available during 2004, and is the sixth in a top-of-the-line professional film camera in the Nikons line with the introduction of the Nikon F in 1959. Nikon F6 Ni ...

                                               

Nikon मैं, एम और एस

Nikon was the first camera presented by the optical manufacturer Nippon KK following. This is a 35mm rangefinder camera, in retrospect known as the Nikon I. the original design was approved in September 1946, and the camera was released in March ...

                                               

Nikon 1-माउंट

The Nikon 1-mount type interchangeable lens, developed by Nikon for its Nikon CX format mirrorless interchangeable lens. The 1-Mount was first introduced on the Nikon 1 series in 2011, and has a bayonet mount.

                                               

Nikon एफ माउंट

Nikon f-mount type interchangeable lens mount Nikon, designed for 35 mm format single lens reflex cameras. F-mount was first introduced on the Nikon F camera in 1959, and has a three lug bayonet mount with a 44 mm throat and a flange to focal pla ...

                                               

Nikon Z-माउंट

The Nikon s-mount interchangeable lens mount developed by Nikon for full-frame mirrorless digital cameras. At the end of 2018, Nikon released two cameras that use this mount, Nikon S and Nikon 7 S 6. At the end of 2019, Nikon announced its first ...

                                               

कैनन EOS फ़्लैश प्रणाली

Canons flash the EOS system refers to the photographic flash mechanism used on canons film or digital camera, EOS SLR cameras. The line was first introduced in 1987. It has gone through several changes over many years, as the new system of flash ...

                                               

Fujica एक्स-माउंट

In the x-mount was a lens mount created by Fujifilm in the late 1970-ies for the new model range Tu mirror: AX-1, AX-3, ax-5, STX-1, in STX-1N, STX-2. He replaced the M42 screw mount to use on their early DSLRs. Mount type bayonet with 65° clockw ...

                                               

कोडेक DCS 100

Kodak professional digital camera system or DCS, later unofficially named DCS 100 was the first commercially available digital SLR. It was a customized camera back bearing the digital image sensor, mounted on a Nikon F3 body and released by Kodak ...

                                               

Minolta Maxxum 7000

For Minolta MAXXUM 7000 35mm SLR camera was introduced in February 1985. It was the first camera to feature integrated autofocus and motorized film feed, standard configuration for later Amateur and professional single lens reflex cameras.

                                               

Minolta SR-माउंट

For Minolta SR-Mount was the bayonet mounting system used in all 35mm SLR cameras made by Minolta with interchangeable manual focusing lenses. Several iterations of the mounting were produced for decades, and as a result, the mountain itself is s ...

                                               

Nikkormat

Nikkormat was the brand of camera manufactured by the Japanese optics company Nippon next K. K., as a consumer version of the professional Nikon brand. Nikkormat cameras, produced from 1965 until 1978, it has been easier and more affordable than ...

                                               

ओलिंप निगम

The company Olympus Corporation is a Japanese manufacturer of optics and reprography products. Olympus was established on 12 October 1919, initially specializing in microscope and thermometers. Olympus holds about 70% share of the global endoscop ...

                                               

ओलिंप कलम F

The Olympus Pen f, pen ft and pen FV were very similar half-frame 35 mm SLR cameras with interchangeable lenses produced by Olympus in Japan in the period 1963-1966, 1967-1970, and 1966-1972. The original pen f was a double stroke film advance an ...

                                               

Pentax कश्मीर-5 द्वितीय

On Pentax K-5 II 16.3 megapixel digital SLR camera, the successor to the Pentax K-5, sharing its body shape with its two predecessors including the Pentax K-7, with reimbursement for K-5. On Pentax K-5 II is available in two versions, the basic P ...

                                               

Pentax K2000

For Pentax K-M is a 10.2 megapixel digital single-lens reflex camera, announced on September 22, 2008 at a trade show Photokina 2008 together with the da-L series of light, inexpensive lenses. It was discontinued in November 2009, was replaced by ...

                                               

Pentax सुपर-एक

On Pentax super a, also sold in some markets as the super program Pentax was one 35-mm lens reflex camera produced by Pentax in Japan in the 1980-ies. Its not the same camera, and just below-stated "Pentax program a", which also had the alternati ...

                                               

Praktiflex

Camera-Werkstatten GU additional services include & Thorsch was established in 1919 in Dresden by Paul GU additional services include and Benno Thorsch, starting out manufacturing the patent ETUI plate camera. Ten years later came the roll film T ...

                                               

Rolleicord

In the Rolleicord was a popular medium-format twin lens reflex camera made by Franke & Heidecke between 1933 and 1976. It was simpler, less expensive version of the high-class Rolleiflex TLR, aimed at Amateur photographers who wanted high-quality ...

                                               

Rolleiflex

Rolleiflex is the name of a long and diverse line of high-end cameras originally made by the German company Franke & Heidecke, and later Rollei-Werk.

                                               

सैमसंग NX100

The Samsung nx100-fast is a 14.0 effective Megapixel APS-C CMOS crop mirrorless interchangeable lens digital camera made by Samsung. It was announced on 14 September 2010.

                                               

सोनी SLT कैमरा

Single-transparent lens is a Sony proprietary designation for Sony alpha cameras which use a mirror film, electronic viewfinder and phase detection autofocus system. They use the same Minolta-mount as Sony alpha DSLR cameras. Sony SLT cameras hav ...

                                               

सोनी साइबर शॉट DSC-R1

Sony cyber-shot DSC-R1 is a bridge digital camera announced by Sony in 2005. It showed a 10.3 MP APS-C CMOS sensor, a size typically used in DSLRs and rarely used in transitional or camera 1 / 1.8"). It was the first time such a large sensor was ...

                                               

कैमरे के लेंस

The lens is an optical lens or Assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera and a mechanism for the images of objects on photographic film or on other media capable of storing the image chemically or electronically. There is no fundamenta ...

                                               

मीर (लेंस)

Mir is a Soviet wide angle lens series with focal lengths ranging from 12 to 65 mm with 5-7 elements. The first option was "Mir-1" and won the Grand Prix at Expo 58 in Brussels. Its construction was derived from the Flektogon lens by Carl Zeiss. ...

                                               

Fisheye लेंस

A fisheye lens is an ultra-wide angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create wide panoramic or hemispherical image. Fisheye lenses achieve extremely wide angles. Instead of producing images with straight lines of perspecti ...

                                               

Tair (लेंस)

The Tair 11 series have a focal length 135 mm Maximum aperture f / 2.8. Variants include the Tair 11A for the M42 lens mount and the original Tair 11 lens for M39 mount. On Tair 11-t is a "technical" or "TV" for cinecamera or observation. In Tair ...

                                               

ज़ूम लेंस

Zoom lens is a mechanical Assembly of lens elements for which the focal length can change, unlike a fixed focal length lens. A true zoom lens also called a parfocal lens, is one that maintains focus when its focal length changes. Most consumer zo ...

                                               

Pentax K-माउंट

On Pentax K-mount, sometimes referred to as the "PK-mount", is a bayonet lens mount standard for mounting interchangeable photographic lenses to 35 mm single lens reflex cameras. It was created by Pentax in 1975, and has since been used on all Pe ...

                                               

लीका आर संगीन

Leica R lens mount system camera lens mount Leitz presented in 1964. R mount is a standard method of connecting a lens to a series of Leica R 35 mm SLR cameras. The mount is descended from those used for the Leicaflex SL and Leicaflex SL2 on SLR ...

                                               

Fujifilm X-माउंट

The Fujifilm x-mount type interchangeable lens mount developed by Fujifilm specifically for use in cameras in their X-series, which have interchangeable lenses. These lenses are designed to 23.6 mm X 15.6 mm APS-C sensors. Different manufacturers ...

                                               

लेंस हुड

In photography, a lens hood or a lens Is a device used on the front end of a lens to block the sun or other light source to prevent glare and lens flare. Blends can also be used to protect the lens from scratches and the elements without having t ...

                                               

Helios-44

Helios-44 is a Soviet copy of Carl Zeiss Biotar 58mm ƒ/2 lens brands lens Helios. The lens is currently in Russia for the M42 lens mount.

                                               

जीस तलीय

The Zeiss Planar is a photographic lens designed by Paul Rudolph of Carl Zeiss in 1896. Rudolphs was the original six-element symmetrical design. While very sharp, the early versions of the lens suffered from flare due to its many air-glass surfa ...

                                               

जेनिट (रॉकेट परिवार)

Zenith is a family of space rockets developed by the design Bureau "southern" in "Dnepr", Ukraine, which was then part of the Soviet Union. Zenit was built in the 1980-ies for two purposes: as a liquid rocket booster for the rocket "Energy" and i ...

                                               

वृत्तचित्र फोटोग्राफी

Documentary photography usually refers to one of the most popular types of photography used to chronicle events, or the environment as significant and relevant to history and historical events and everyday life. It is typically covered in profess ...

                                               

35 मिमी प्रारूप

A 35mm format, or simply 35mm, is the common name for the 36×24 mm film format or image sensor format used in photography. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2 and a diagonal of about 43 mm. It has been used in countless photographic applications, inclu ...

                                               

Chronophotography

The girl is a photographic technique from the Victorian era which captures multiple phases of movement. Chronophotraphy most famous work was primarily intended for scientific studies of locomotion, to learn practical information for handlers of a ...

                                               

पट्टी फोटोग्राफी

Strip photography is a photographic technique of obtaining 2-dimensional image as a sequence of 1-dimensional images over time, and not a single 2-dimensional at one point in time. As one moves in time in addition to moving in space. The image ca ...

                                               

अवरक्त फोटोग्राफी

In infrared photography, the film or use the image sensor is sensitive to infrared light. Part used the spectrum called near-infrared to distinguish it from far-infrared, the scope of which is thermal imaging. Wavelengths used for photography ran ...

                                               

एनालॉग फोटोग्राफी

Analog photography is the wrong one for film photography, which uses physical, electronic storage media, where light does not fall on the sensitive silver particles, and the image will remain printed when processing chemically. This method was tr ...

                                               

रंग हिस्टोग्राम

In image processing and photography, a color histogram is a representation of the distribution of colors in the image. For digital images, a color histogram shows the number of pixels that have colors in each of a fixed list of color ranges that ...

                                               

फिल्म अनाज

Granularity and granularity is the random optical texture of processed photographic film due to the presence of small particles of metallic silver, or dye clouds, developed from silver halide that have received enough photons. While film grain is ...

                                               

अभिन्न इमेजिंग

Integral imaging and autostereoscopic multiscopic three-dimensional imaging and diagnostic that captures and reproduces the light field using a two-dimensional array of microlenses is sometimes called the fly-eye lens, usually without a common go ...

                                               

Micrograph

On the micrograph or micrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of the object. This is unlike macrograph or photomacrograph, whose image also was taken to the microscope, but ...

                                               

फैशन फोटोग्राफी

Fashion photography is a genre of photography devoted to displaying clothing and other fashion items. Fashion photography is most often conducted for advertisements or fashion magazines such as Vogue, vanity fair, or Elle. Fashion photography has ...

                                               

रात फोटोग्राफ़ी

Night photography refers to photography activities at night, between dusk and dawn. Night photographers generally have a choice between using artificial light and using a long exposure, exposing a shot for a few seconds, minutes or even hours to ...

                                               

सागारा Sangamam

Sagara Gingaman in 1983 Indian Telugu-language dance film written and directed by K. Viswanath and produced by Edida Nageswara RAO. Starring: Kamal Hasan, Jaya Prada, Sarath Babu, S. P. Sailaja and Chakri Toleti. Upon release, the film received p ...

                                               

सुप्रीम प्रणाली

Apex stands for additive photographic exposure, which was proposed in the 1960 ASA standard for monochrome film speed, Asa PH2.5-1960 as a means to simplify the calculations of exposure.

                                               

नयनाभिराम फोटोग्राफी

Panoramic photography is a Technique of photography using specialized equipment or software that captures images with horizontally elongated fields of view. It is sometimes known as wide format photography. The term was also applied to the photo ...

                                               

पोस्टमार्टम की फोटोग्राफी

Post-mortem photography is the practice of photographing the recently deceased. Various cultures use and have used this practice, although well-studied area of post-mortem photography is the fact that in Europe and America. There can be substanti ...

                                               

सीधे फोटोग्राफी

Pure photography or straight photography refers to photography that attempts to depict a scene or subject in focus and in detail, in accordance with the qualities that distinguish photography from other visual media, particularly painting. Origin ...

                                               

भावना फोटोग्राफी

Spirit photography is a type of photography in which the main attempt is to capture images of ghosts and other spiritual entities, especially in Ghost hunting and has a rich history since the late 19th century.

                                               

स्टीरियो फोटोग्राफी तकनीक

Stereo photography techniques are methods to receive stereoscopic images, videos and movies. This is done using a variety of equipment including special built stereo cameras, single cameras with or without special attachments, and twin cameras. T ...

                                               

स्ट्रीट फोटोग्राफी

Street photography, also sometimes referred to candid photos, the Photo is for art or request, which has direct encounters and casual incidents in public places. Although there is a difference between street and candid photography, he is usually ...

                                               

रंग फोटोग्राफी

Color photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors. In contrast, black-and-white photography records only a single channel of brightness and uses media capable only of showing shades of gray. In color photography, elec ...

                                               

विंटेज प्रिंट

In photographs, old engravings, as a rule, the early prints that the photographer makes only after the development of the negative. In addition, old prints can also include prints made by the photographer after the negative development, if the ph ...

                                               

Fogging (फोटोग्राफी)

One kind of fog is produced from a silver halide Crystal having a fog centre is created with different reactions. One obvious case when the emulsion is accidentally exposed to light. In this case, the fog centre is created as a hidden image made ...

                                               

उसकी तस्वीर अखबारों में

His picture in the papers-the American silent Comedy by Director John Emerson. Anita Loos also wrote the scripts for the films. The film stars Douglas Fairbanks and Loretta Blake and features Eric von Stroheim in a minor role.

                                               

संग्राम (तस्वीर में)

The commander is a black-and-white photograph taken by the Soviet photographer max Alpert. It depicts a Soviet officer, armed with a TT pistol, which collects your squad to attack during the Second world war. This work is considered one of the mo ...

                                               

Microstock फोटोग्राफी

Microstock photography also known as micropayment photography is a part of the stock photo industry. What defines a company as a microstock photography company is that they source their images almost exclusively via the Internet, to make a wider ...

                                               

Neues Sehen

A new Phrase, also known as new vision or a new optic, the movement is not specifically limited to photography, which was developed in the 1920-ies. The movement was directly related to the principles of the Bauhaus. A new phrase about the pictur ...

                                               

तस्वीर Snatcher

Coming out of prison, Danny Kean blows James Cagney gang he leads by quitting. He wants his first time in prison his last, and he always wanted to be a newspaper reporter. He hands leadership over to Jerry "the mug" of the company Ralf Harolde, t ...

                                               

गिरने आदमी

The falling man is a photograph taken by a photographer associated Press Richard drew of a man who fell from the world trade center during the September 11 attacks in new York. The object of the image, whose identity remains uncertain, was one of ...

                                               

धोने (फोटोग्राफी)

In photography, washing is an important part of all film processing and printmaking processes. After materials have been fixed, washing removes unwanted and exhausted processing chemicals which, if left in place, can lead to the deterioration and ...

                                               

फोटोग्राफिक डेवलपर

In the processing of photographic films, plates or papers, the photographic developer is one or more chemicals that convert the latent image into a visible image. Developing agents achieve this conversion by reducing the silver halides that are p ...

                                               

शादी की फोटोग्राफी

Wedding photography is a specialty of photography, which is primarily focused on photographing events and activities relating to the wedding. It may include other types of portrait photographs of the couple before the official wedding, such as re ...

                                               

स्टॉक फोटोग्राफी

Stock photography is the supply of photographs which are often licensed for specific uses. In photo industry, which began in the 1920s created the model, including microstock and midstock photos photographs, traditional macrostock photography. Co ...

                                               

स्तंभों के निर्माण

"The pillars of Creation" is a photograph taken by a space telescope of elephant Trunks of interstellar gas and dust in the eagle Nebula Hubble, in particular, in the constellation Serpens, some 6.500–7.000 light years from Earth. They are so nam ...

                                               

फोटो स्टैंड में

The stand is a large Board with the image printed on it, and that has one or more holes cut out where people can shove their face through a Board for humorous effect. The hole does not coincide with the area in a way that creates an optical illus ...

                                               

टेनिस लड़की

Tennis girl is a British poster that has become a pop icon. It shows a young woman because of the availability of the network to a tennis court with a tennis racket in his right hand and his left hand reaching behind lifting her short tennis dres ...

                                               

यात्रा फोटोग्राफ़ी

Travel photography is a genre of photography which may include documentation in the areas of landscape, people, cultures, customs and history. Photographic society of America defines a travel photo as an image that expresses the feeling of time a ...

                                               

फोटो 51

Photo 51 is the name of the x-ray image paracristalline gel consisting of fibers of DNA taken by Raymond Gosling, a graduate student working under the direction of Rosalind Franklin in may 1952 at kings College London, working in sir John Randall ...

                                               

फोटोग्राफी में न्यूजीलैंड

First appeared photos of New Zealand in the mid-nineteenth century, and since that time has become an important part of New Zealand art. There are a number of photography organizations to support photographers in New Zealand.

                                               

नग्न फोटोग्राफी (कला)

Fine art Nude photography is a genre of art photography which depicts the Nude human body with an emphasis on form, composition, emotional content, and other aesthetic qualities. Nude was a prominent subject of photography since its invention, an ...

                                               

खाद्य फोटोग्राफ़ी

Food photography is still a genre picture of life used to create attractive photos of life food. This is a specialization of advertising photography, product that used in advertising, magazines, packaging, menus or recipes. Professional food phot ...

                                               

मग शॉट

Mug shot or photograph is a photographic portrait of a man from the waist up, usually taken after the detention. The original purpose of the mug shot was to allow law enforcement a photographic record of the arrested individual to allow for ident ...

                                               

Photographing एक भूत

Photographing a Ghost-a short film, which was shot by Director George albert Smith. It is about photographers that try to take a picture of the Ghost, but they continually fail.

                                               

मोनोक्रोम फोटोग्राफी

Black-and-white photograph is a photograph where each point on the image can record and show the amount of light, not other shade. It includes all forms of black and white photography, which produce images containing shades of neutral gray rangin ...

                                               

कामुक फोटोग्राफी

Erotic photography is a style of art photography of an erotic, lewd or sexually provocative nature. After the erotic photography of the 1960s years were less likely to call such, and to describe how a photo shoot. Erotic photography in General pr ...

                                               

विज्ञान के इतिहास

The history of science is the study of the development of science and scientific knowledge including both the natural and social Sciences. Science is a collection of empirical, theoretical and practical knowledge about the natural world, produced ...

                                               

इतिहास में विज्ञान और प्रौद्योगिकी के कोरिया

As in most other regions of the world, science and technology in Korea has experienced periods of intense growth and long periods of stagnation.

                                               

1864 में विज्ञान

English botanist Richard Spruce completes a 15-year expedition in the Andes and the Amazon, during which he collected over 30.000 plant specimens.