ⓘ मुक्त ज्ञानकोश. क्या आप जानते हैं? पृष्ठ 180

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के इराक

Since 1980, foreign relations of Iraq were influenced by a number of controversial decisions taken by the administration of Saddam Hussein. Hussein had good relations with the Soviet Union and several Western countries, such as France and Germany ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के ईरान

Of foreign Affairs of Iran refers to intergovernmental relations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and other countries. Geography is very significant factor in informing Irans foreign policy. After the Iranian revolution of 1979, the newly bor ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की आयरलैंड

External relations Ireland is significantly affected by its membership in the European Union, although bilateral relations with the United States and the United Kingdom are also important for the state. This is one of a group of small countries i ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के स्पेन

After the return to democracy after the death of General Franco in 1975, Spains foreign policy priorities were to break out of diplomatic isolation of the Franco years and expand diplomatic relations, enter the European community, and the definit ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों में इटली के

Of foreign Affairs of the Italian Republic the Italian governments external relations with the outside world. Located in Europe, Italy is considered a major Western power since its unification in 1861. Its main allies are the countries of NATO an ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की यमन

Foreign relations of Yemen are the relationships and policies that Yemen maintains with other countries. She is a member of the United Nations, the League of Arab States and the Organization of Islamic cooperation. Yemen participates in the non-a ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की उत्तर कोरिया

External relations North Korea – officially the Democratic peoples Republic has been shaped by its conflict with the capitalist countries like South Korea and its historical ties with world communism. Both governments of North Korea and the South ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की कजाखस्तान

Foreign relations of Kazakhstan are primarily based on economic and political security. The Nazarbayev administration has tried to balance relations with Russia and the United States by sending petroleum and natural gas to its Northern neighbor a ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की कंबोडिया

The Cambodian government has diplomatic relations with most countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom and France, as well as all of its Asian neighbors, including China, India, Vietnam, Laos, South Korea and Thailand. The governm ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के कैमरून

Permit in Cameroon, a low-profile approach to foreign relations puts it right in the middle of other African and developing countries on major issues. It supports the principle of noninterference in the Affairs of third world countries and increa ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की कनाडा

Foreign relations of Canada Canadas relations with other States and peoples. Britain was the main foreign contact until the Second world war. Since then, Canadas most important relationship being the largest trading relationship in the world, wit ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की कतर

Qatar achieved full independence from the United Kingdom on 3 September 1971. The Arab state was one of the first to recognise Qatar, and the country received admission to the United Nations and the League of Arab States in the same year. Qatar e ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के चीन

Foreign relations of China, as you know, most States, like China, guides the way in which China interacts with foreign States, and expresses its political, economic, weaknesses and values. As a great power and emerging superpower, Chinas foreign ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के ताइवान

The Republic of China, referred to by many states as "Taiwan", is recognised by 14 out of 193 United Nations member states, as well as the Holy See. These diplomatic relations do not constitute an international acceptance of Taiwan as a state, bu ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के कोस्टा रिका

Costa Rica is an active member of the international community and, in 1983, claimed it was for neutrality. Because of certain influential voters who gave their methods, he has a weight in world Affairs far beyond its size. The country has activel ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की क्यूबा

Cubas foreign policy have been fluid throughout history, depending on world events, and other variables, including relations with the United States. Without massive Soviet subsidies and its primary trading partner, Cuba became increasingly isolat ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के कुवैत

Since gaining independence in 1961, Kuwait has close international relations with most countries, especially countries in the Arab world. Its vast oil reserves gives it a well-known voice in global economic forums and organizations such as OPEC. ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की लाओस

Foreign relations of Laos, on the international level the place its official name as the Lao peoples Democratic Republic, after the seizure of power by the Pathet Lao in December 1975, were characterized by a more hostile position towards the Wes ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के लाटविया

For foreign Affairs of Latvia is the main responsibility of the Ministry of foreign Affairs. Today, the Republic of Latvia considers itself as a continuation of the 1918-1940 Republic. After the announcement of the restoration of its full indepen ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के लेबनान

The foreign policy of Lebanon reflects its geographic location, the composition of the population and its dependence on trade. Until 2005, Lebanons foreign policy was heavily influenced by Syria. The framework for relations was first codified in ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों मॉरीशस के

Mauritius has strong and friendly relations with the West and with the countries of South Asia and the countries of southern and Eastern Africa. She is a member of the world trade organization, Commonwealth of Nations, La Francophonie, the Africa ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के मॉरिटानिया

On foreign relations of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania have been dominated since independence by the issues of the Spanish Sahara, and the recognition of its independence by neighbours, particularly Morocco. Mauritanias foreign relations are ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की मलावी

Malawis former President Bakili Muluzi continued the Pro-Western foreign policy established by his predecessor, Hastings Banda. It maintains diplomatic relations with Western countries. Malawis close relations with South Africa during the aparthe ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की मलेशिया

Malaysia is an active member of various international organisations, including Commonwealth Nations, United Nations, Organization of Islamic cooperation and the non-aligned Movement. Also in recent years has been an active supporter of regional c ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की माली

After independence in 1960, Mali initially followed a socialist path and was aligned ideologically with the Communist bloc. Malis foreign policy orientation became increasingly pragmatic and Pro-Western over time. As the Institute for democratic ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के माल्टा

After independence in 1964, Malta followed a policy of close cooperation with NATO countries. Since 1971, the country needs relations with the rest of the world, including Communist countries of Eastern Europe and non-aligned countries. After sub ...

                                               

मेक्सिको के विदेश संबंध

Of foreign Affairs of Mexico to the President of the United Mexican States and managed through the Secretariat of foreign Affairs. The foreign policy principles enshrined in article 89, section 10, which include: respect for international law and ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के मोलदोवा

After independence from the Soviet Union, Moldova established relations with other European countries. The integration in the European Union and neutrality define the direction of foreign policy of the country. In 1995, the country became the fir ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के मोनाको

The Principality of Monaco is a sovereign and independent state, closely connected with France by the Treaty of July 1918, which was formally noted in article 436 of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919. The foreign policy of Monaco is one illustrati ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की मंगोलिया

Mongolia has diplomatic relations with 188 States 187 of the UN members, the Holy see and the European Union. States with limited recognition it has relations only with the State of Palestine. It seeks a neutral and cordial relations with many co ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की म्यांमार

Historically strained, Myanmars foreign relations, especially with Western countries have improved since 2012. Relationship became strained again in 2017 with the Rohingya crisis. Myanmar generally retained warm relations with neighbouring States ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की नामीबिया

Namibia follows a largely independent foreign policy, close ties with States that aided the independence struggle, including Libya and Cuba. In Africa, Namibia has participated in conflicts in neighbouring Angola and the Democratic Republic of th ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के नाउरू

Nauru, after gaining independence from the United Kingdom, became a sovereign, independent Republic on 31 January 1968. Nauru has established diplomatic relations with several States, including most of its Pacific neighbors with which it maintain ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की नेपाल

Although the Ministry of foreign Affairs is the government body responsible for the conduct of foreign policy of Nepal, historically, is the position of the Prime Minister, who exercises authority in the development and implementation of policies ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों नाइजीरिया के

Since independence, with jaja Wachuku as the first Minister of foreign Affairs and Commonwealth relations, later called foreign Affairs, Nigerian foreign policy was characterized by a focus on Africa as a regional power and by attachment to sever ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की नीदरलैंड

Foreign policy of the Netherlands is based on four basic commitments: to the Atlantic cooperation, European integration, international development and international law. While historically the Netherlands was a neutral state, and in 1945 she beca ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की निकारागुआ

Nicaragua pursues an independent foreign policy. Member of the Central American security Commission, Nicaragua also has taken a leading role in pressing for regional demilitarization and peaceful settlement of disputes in the region. Nicaragua ha ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के नियू

Niue maintains diplomatic relations with other countries and multilateral organizations. Niue is a small island nation in the Pacific ocean in free Association with New Zealand. The Queen in right of New Zealand is head of state of Niue - as such ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की न्यूजीलैंड

On foreign relations of New Zealand are oriented mainly towards developed countries and developing countries in the Pacific. The major political parties generally agreed on the main directions of foreign policy, and the government plays an active ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की संयुक्त अरब अमीरात

Since the establishment of the UAE on 2 December 1971, UAE adopted a balanced foreign policy based on adoption of dialogue, respect of international conventions, commitment to the Charter of the United Nations and non-interference in other countr ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के ओमान

When Sultan Qaboos bin said al said came to power in 1970, Oman had limited contacts with the outside world, including neighbouring Arab States. Special contractual relationships allow the participation of the United Kingdom in Omans civil and mi ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के फिलिस्तीन के राज्य के

Foreign relations of the State of Palestine had been held since the establishment of the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1964. In November 1988 years ago, the Palestinian national Council declared the independence of the state of Palestine a ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की कुक आइलैंड्स

The cook Islands has diplomatic relations with various countries and is a member of multilateral organizations. While the country is in free Association with New Zealand, which can operate in the cook Islands "delegated authority to assist the co ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के लिए पाकिस्तान

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan maintains a large diplomatic network around the world. Pakistan is the second largest Muslim majority country by population and is the only Muslim majority countries have tested nuclear weapons. Pakistans economy ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के पापुआ न्यू गिनी

Papua New Guineas foreign policy reflects close ties with Australia and other traditional allies and cooperation with neighbouring countries. His views on international political and economic issues are generally moderate. Papua New Guinea has di ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के परागुआ

Paraguayan foreign policy has concentrated on maintaining good relations with its neighbours, and he was an active supporter of regional cooperation. She is a member of the United Nations and served one term in the UN Security Council in 1967-196 ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के पेरू

Peru is an important first level country in South America, Peru is a member of the UN since 1949, and Peruvian Javier pérez de cuéllar, UN Secretary General from 1981 to 1991. Former President Alberto Fujimoris tainted re-election for a third ter ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के पोलैंड

The Republic of Poland is located in Central Europe and a member of the European Union and NATO in particular. Poland has a significant impact in Central and Eastern Europe and the middle power in international Affairs. Foreign policy of Poland i ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के Transnistria

The Transnistrian Republic is recognized by three States with limited recognition, and is a member of one international organization, the community for democracy and human rights, which was established by these four States.

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की दक्षिण कोरिया

South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with 191 countries. The country is also a member of the United Nations since 1991, when it became a member state at the same time as North Korea. South Korea is also marked by major international events ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के कोसोवो

Of foreign Affairs of Kosovo committed the efforts of the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Kosovo. Kosovo is open 24 embassies abroad and is the host of 21 embassies in Pristina. Kosovo has membership in several international organizations. 17 Febr ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों रूस के

External relations of the Russian Federation the policy of the government of Russia, in which it is in interaction with other States, their citizens and foreign organizations. This article examines the foreign policy of the Russian Federation aft ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की रोमानिया

Foreign relations of Romania by the Ministry of foreign Affairs. Romania is a member of NATO and the European Union.

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के सोवियत संघ

After the Russian revolution, the Bolsheviks took over the old Russian Empire in 1918, they faced huge odds against the German Empire due to the First world war and then again against internal and external enemies in a bitter civil war. Tsarist R ...

                                               

विदेश नीति के संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका

Foreign policy of the United States is its interaction with foreign countries and how it sets standards of interaction for its organizations, corporations and citizens of the United States. The officially stated goals of the foreign policy of the ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के अल साल्वाडोर

Salvador is a member of the UN and its specialized agencies, the Organization of American States, Central American common market, Central American Parliament, and the system of Central American integration. She is actively involved in the Central ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के साओ टोम और प्रिंसिपे

Before independence in 1975, Sao Tome and Principe had few ties abroad except those that passed through Portugal. After independence, the new government sought to expand its diplomatic relations. A common language, tradition, and colonial experie ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के सऊदी अरब

Saudi Arabia said the companys policy is focused on cooperation with Internet oil exporters of the Persian Gulf, the unity of the Arab world, Islamic strength and solidarity, and the support of the United Nations. In practice, the main problems i ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के उत्तर मैसेडोनिया

On foreign relations of Northern Macedonia since independence in 1991 was awarded the countrys efforts to gain membership in international organizations such as NATO and the European Union and to obtain international recognition under its constit ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की सेनेगल

President Leopold Senghor advocated close relations with France and negotiation and compromise as the best means of resolving international disputes. In large measure, the subsequent two presidents held Senghors policy and philosophy. Senegal has ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के सर्बिया

Foreign Affairs of Serbia is implemented by the Ministry of foreign Affairs. Serbia has inherited the Ministry of foreign Affairs, along with all his possessions, after the dissolution of the previous Union state with Montenegro. Serbian Ministry ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के सीरिया

Ensuring national security, increasing influence among its Arab neighbours and ensuring the return of the Golan heights, were the objectives of the foreign policy of Syria, the. In many places in its history, Syria has seen virulent tension with ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों सोमालिया के

Foreign Affairs of Somalia are handled by the President as head of state, Prime Minister as head of government and Minister of foreign Affairs Federal government of Somalia.

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के सोमालीलैंड

Of foreign Affairs of the Republic of Somaliland are the responsibility of the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Republic of Somaliland. The regions self-proclaimed independence remains unrecognized by the international community. Due to its sta ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की सूडान

Foreign relations of Sudan are generally in line with the Muslim Arab world, and also based on Sudans economic ties with China and Russia.

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के सूरीनाम

In the framework of external relations of Suriname, the country is party to many international organizations. International tensions have arisen due to the Surinames status as a transit point for South American drugs destined mostly for Europe.

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की ताजिकिस्तान

Foreign relations of the Republic of Tajikistan is based on the desire to secure foreign investment and promote regional security, providing Tajikistans independence. Sirodjidin Aslov, the current Minister of foreign Affairs of Tajikistan.

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों थाईलैंड के

For external relations of Thailand by the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Thailand. Thailand participates actively in international and regional organizations. He has established close ties with other ASEAN members - Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippin ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों तंजानिया के

Tanzanias first President, Julius Nyerere, was one of the founders of the non-aligned Movement during the Cold war, Tanzania plays an important role in regional and international organizations such as the non-aligned Movement, the front-line Stat ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की टोगो

Although togoss foreign policy is nonaligned, it has strong historical and cultural ties with Western Europe, especially France and Germany. Recognize that China, North Korea and Cuba. It restored relations with Israel in 1987. Togo pursues an ac ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की टोंगा

Tonga, by changing his Treaty of friendship with Britain in July 1970, is responsible for its external Affairs. He maintains friendly relations with most countries and has close relations with its Pacific neighbors and the United Kingdom. In 1998 ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों उत्तरी साइप्रस का

Northern Cyprus is recognized only by Turkey, a country which facilitates many of its contacts with the international community. After the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Cyprus, Northern Cyprus relations with the rest of the worl ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों तुर्कमेनिस्तान के

Turkmenistans Declaration of "permanent neutrality" was formally recognized by the United Nations in 1995. Former President Niyazov stated that the neutrality would prevent Turkmenistan from participating in multi-national defence, but allows mil ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों तुर्की के

Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey, the Turkish governments policies in its external relations with the international community. Historically, the Ottoman Empire and then Turkey balanced regional and global powers against each other, formi ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की उज़्बेकिस्तान

Uzbekistan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States in December 1991. However, he is opposed to reintegration and withdrew from the collective security mechanism of the CIS in 1999. Since that time, Uzbekistan has participated in the composi ...

                                               

यूक्रेन के विदेश नीति

Ukraines foreign policy is a strategic approach of Ukraine takes in its relations with foreign countries, cooperation with international organizations, promotion of its national interests and protect the rights of its citizens and Diaspora abroad ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों फिलीपींस के

International relations of the Philippines are administered by the President of the Philippines and the Ministry of foreign Affairs. Philippine international Affairs are influenced by ties to Southeast Asian neighbors, China, USA and the middle E ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के फिनलैंड

External economic relations of Finland are the responsibility of President of Finland who leads foreign policy in cooperation with the government. Implicitly, the government is responsible for internal policy and decision-making in the European U ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के लिए फ्रांस

In the 19th century in France, built a new French colonial Empire second only to the British Empire. He was humiliated during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-71, which marked the rise of Germany to dominance in Europe. France was on the winning s ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की मध्य अफ्रीकी गणराज्य

President françois bozizé has said that one of his priorities is to get the support of the international community. Indeed, this was evident in his relations to donor countries and international organizations. At the same time, it is hard to keep ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के चाड

Foreign relations of Chad are significantly influenced by the desire for oil and investment in oil industry in Chad, and support for Chadian President Idriss Deby. Chad is officially nonaligned but has close relations with France, the former colo ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की मोंटेनेग्रो

In the referendum of 21 may 2006, the population of Montenegro decided to abandon the state Union of Serbia and Montenegro. This result was confirmed in the Declaration of independence of the Parliament of Montenegro on 3 June 2006. He simultaneo ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के चिली

Since the return to democracy in 1990, Chile has been an active participant in regional and international arena. Chile took a two-year non-permanent position in the UN Security Council in January 2003 and was re-elected to the Board in October 20 ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की स्विट्जरलैंड

On foreign relations of Switzerland is the primary responsibility of the Federal Department of foreign Affairs. Some international relations of Switzerland are handled by other departments of the Federal administration of Switzerland.

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की स्वीडन

The foreign policy of Sweden is based on the assumption that national security is the most optimal to remain free of alliances in peacetime in order to remain a neutral country in case of war. In 2002, Sweden revised its security doctrine. The se ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों इक्वाडोर के

This article deals with the diplomatic affairs, foreign policy and international relations of Ecuador. Ecuador is a member of UN and a member of many of its specialized agencies, he is also a member of the Organization of American States, as well ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के Eswatini

Swaziland is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, the African Union, the common market for Eastern and southern Africa and Community development in South Africa. Currently, the Kingdom of Swaziland supports 11 along with 15 em ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की एस्टोनिया

The Republic of Estonia gained independence from the Russian Empire on 24 February 1918 and established diplomatic relations with many countries via membership in the League of Nations. The forced annexation of Estonia to the USSR in 1940 was not ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की इथियोपिया

Many historians have traced the modern Ethiopias foreign policy during the reign of Emperor tewodros from II, whose main concerns were security Ethiopias traditional borders, obtaining technology from Europe and to a lesser degree Ethiopian right ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों के दक्षिण सूडान

External relations of South Sudan are the relations between the Republic of South Sudan and sovereign States and international organizations. Linkages with the subsequent formation of the state of South Sudan on 9 July 2011. South Sudans former p ...

                                               

विदेशी संबंधों की जापान

Foreign economic relations of Japan by the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Japan. Japan has diplomatic relations with all States members of the United Nations, with the exception of North Korea, in addition to the UN observer States Holy see, as w ...

                                               

सैन्य नीति

Military policy is a public policy against international security and the military. It includes measures and initiatives that governments do or dont to take in relation to decision-making and strategic purposes, such as when and how to commit Nat ...

                                               

भूराजनीति

Geopolitics is the study of the influence of geography and Earth politics and international relations. And geopolitics usually refers to the countries and the relationships between them, it can also focus on the other two types of States: de fact ...

                                               

घरेलू नीति

The internal policy of the several administrative decisions which are directly related to all issues and activity within the borders of Nations. It differs from foreign policy, which applies to the government its own interests in world politics. ...

                                               

राजनीति के इसराइल

Politics in Israel is dominated by Zionist parties. They are traditionally divided into three camps, the first two being the largest: labor Zionism, revisionist Zionism and religious Zionism. There are also several non-Zionist Orthodox religious ...

                                               

शक्ति का संतुलन (अंतरराष्ट्रीय संबंध)

The balance of power theory in international relations suggests that States can ensure their survival by preventing any one state to obtain sufficient military power to dominate all others. If one state is much stronger, the theory predicts that ...

                                               

अपवित्र गठबंधन (भू-राजनीतिक)

An unholy Alliance in the nation belongs to the Union, which is perceived as unnatural, unusual, or simply undesirable, sometimes between seemingly antagonistic sides.

                                               

उत्तर–दक्षिण डिवाइड

The gap between North and South is the socio-economic and political division of Land that occurred in the late 20th century and early 21st century. In General, the definition of "global North" is in the G8 countries, USA, Canada, all member State ...

                                               

भौगोलिक धुरी के इतिहास

"The geographical axis of history" is an article submitted by Halford John Mackinder in 1904 to the Royal geographical society that promotes his theory of the Heartland. In this article, Mackinder expanded the scope of geopolitical analysis to en ...

                                               

सैन्य सिद्धांत

Military doctrine is the expression of how military forces contributes to campaigns, major operations, battles and fights. This is a guide to action, not hard and fast rules. Doctrine provides a common basis in the military. It helps standardize ...