ⓘ मुक्त ज्ञानकोश. क्या आप जानते हैं? पृष्ठ 343

                                               

कॉर्पोरेट समूह

A corporate group or group of companies is a collection of parent and subsidiary companies that function as a single economic entity through a common source of control. The concept of group is often used in tax laws, Accounting and law company to ...

                                               

कॉर्पोरेट हेवन

Corporate modern, corporate taxes, or a multinational tax haven is a jurisdiction that the international corporations find attractive for the creation of subsidiaries or the inclusion of regional or main headquarters of the company, mainly due to ...

                                               

कॉर्पोरेट शब्दजाल

Corporate jargon, variously known as corporate speak, corporate lingo, business jargon, management speak, workplace jargon, or commercialese corporatese jargon often used in large corporations, bureaucracies, and similar workplaces. Using corpora ...

                                               

कॉर्पोरेट वसूली

Corporate recovery and rescue conducted by professional accountants, who are trained to help guide a company to financial and other difficulties. This work is usually done at the initiative of the Directors of the company and, as a rule, is carri ...

                                               

कॉर्पोरेट टैक्स

Corporate income tax, also called Corporation tax or company tax is the direct tax to another jurisdiction on income or capital of corporations or similar legal entities. Many countries imposed such taxes at the national level, and such a tax may ...

                                               

कॉर्पोरेट कल्याण

Corporate welfare is often used to describe governments bestowal of money grants, tax breaks or other special favorable treatment to corporations. It highlights how rich corporations have much more support than the poor. The definition of corpora ...

                                               

लागत अनुमान मॉडल

Model evaluation of the value of mathematical algorithms or parametric equations used to estimate the cost of the product or project. The results of the models is usually necessary for permission to continue, and are included in business plans, b ...

                                               

लागत संरचना

                                               

लागत प्लस अनुबंध

"Cost-plus" contract, also called contract "cost-plus" is a contract where the contractor is paid all their expenses, and additional payments as profit. Contracts reimbursements to contrast with the contract with a fixed price where the contracto ...

                                               

गिनती घर

The counting house or counting room was traditionally the office where the financial books of the business conducted. In addition, the business received contracts and correspondence relating to the requirements for payment. How to use the countin ...

                                               

देश के जोखिम

Country risk refers to the risk of investments or lending in the country arising from possible changes in the business environment that may adversely affect operating profits or the value of assets in the country. For example, financial factors s ...

                                               

देश के मूल प्रभाव

Country of origin effect, also known as made-in image and the nationality bias, is a psychological effect describing how consumers attitudes, perceptions and purchase decisions depends on the country of origin marking of products. Since 1965 it h ...

                                               

रचनात्मक पेशेवर

Creative professional, which is also known as a creative specialist is a person that is used for the extraction of skills in creative endeavors. Creative professions include writing, art, design, theater, television, radio, cinema, crafts, relate ...

                                               

रचनात्मक सेवाओं

Creative services in the sector of creative industries, a part of the economy that creates wealth by offering creativity for rent to other businesses. Creative services also means a Department within the company that does creative work such as wr ...

                                               

जीव सामान्य

Creeping normality is the way a significant change can be accepted as the normal situation if it happens slowly, through a subtle transformation. The change could be considered controversial, if it took place in a single step or short period. The ...

                                               

महत्वपूर्ण पथ विधि

Critical path method or critical path analysis is an algorithm for scheduling set of project activities. Its typically used in conjunction with the program evaluation and review technique. The critical path is determined by identifying the longes ...

                                               

महत्वपूर्ण सफलता के कारक

The critical success factor is the term control element that is necessary for an organization or project to achieve its mission. To achieve their goals, they need to be aware of each of the key success factors and the difference between the keys ...

                                               

गुणवत्ता के लिए महत्वपूर्ण

Critical to quality is an attribute of part, unit, site, product, or process that is literally critical to quality or more precisely, has a direct and significant impact on its actual or perceived quality.

                                               

क्रॉस-डॉकिंग

Cross-docking is the practice of organization of unloading materials from an incoming semitrailer truck or railroad car and loading these materials directly into outbound trucks, trailers or wagons with virtually no storage. This can be done to c ...

                                               

CTQ पेड़

CTQ trees are the key measurable characteristics of a product or process whose standards or specification limits must be met to satisfy the customer. They align improvement or development with customer requirements. Angle ctqs are used to decompo ...

                                               

सांस्कृतिक तालमेल

Cultural interaction is a term from work by Nancy Adler of McGill University which describes an attempt of combining two or more crops on the letterhead of the organization or environment that is based on a combination of strength, knowledge and ...

                                               

कस्टम हाउस

Custom or custom traditionally, housing offices for government officials, carried out functions related to the import and export of goods to countries, such as the collection of customs duty on imported goods. Custom, usually located in a seaport ...

                                               

ग्राहक आधार

The client base is a group of customers that repeatedly buy products or services of the business. These customers are the main source of revenue for the company. Customer base can be considered the target market of the business where customer beh ...

                                               

ग्राहक प्रसन्न

Customers will appreciate the amazing customer exceeds his or her expectations and thus creating a positive emotional reaction. This emotional reaction leads to word of mouth. Customer satisfaction directly affects sales and profitability of the ...

                                               

ग्राहक भागीदारी प्रबंधन

Managing customer acquisition, CIM, is the method of marketing management that takes customer orientation further than customer relationship management. CIM identifies and develops ways to attract customers in business and product development pro ...

                                               

ग्राहक ज्ञान

Knowledge of the customer is a combination of experiences, values, and representation of information, which is needed, created and absorbed during the transaction and the exchange between customers and the enterprise. Campbell defines customer kn ...

                                               

ग्राहक प्रतिधारण

Customer retention is the ability of the company or product to keep their customers for a certain period. High customer retention means customers of the product or business, as a rule, return to, continue to buy or in any other way not defect to ...

                                               

ग्राहक संतुष्टि

The customer satisfaction is a term frequently used in marketing. It is a measure of how products and services supplied by a company meet or surpass customers expectations. Customer satisfaction is defined as "the number of customers or percentag ...

                                               

ग्राहक स्विचिंग

In marketing and microeconomics, switching customers or consumers switching describes the "customer / consumer to reject the goods or services in favor of a competitor". At a constant price level, quality of products or services, preventing this ...

                                               

अनुकूलन (अंतर्राष्ट्रीय विपणन)

The setting is in the context of international marketing in the country, given the product strategy that focuses on border differences in the needs and desires of the target audience, consequently changing the products to match local market condi ...

                                               

केंद्रीय व्यापार रजिस्टर (डेनमार्क)

The Danish Central business register the Central government a register containing primary data on all businesses in Denmark, regardless of economic and organizational structure, with the exception of personal companies with an annual turnover of ...

                                               

Daigou

Daigou is a new form of cross-border exports, in which the individual or syndicated group of exporters outside of China, buy goods for customers in China, in order to either illegal or legal to use loopholes to bypass customs duties on foreign goods.

                                               

ऋणी-in-कब्जे वित्तपोषण

The debtor-in-possession financing or financing is a special form of financing for companies that are in financial distress, typically during restructuring under corporate bankruptcy law. Usually, this debt is senior to all other debt obligations ...

                                               

वितरण (वाणिज्य)

Delivery the process of transporting goods from a source location to a certain destination. There are different types of delivery. Goods, primarily delivered via roads and railroads on land, sea routes to the sea and airline networks in the air. ...

                                               

डिलिवरी अनुसूची का पालन

Delivery schedule adherence is a business metric used to calculate the timeliness of deliveries from suppliers. It is a commonly used supply chain metric and forms part of the quality, cost, delivery group of performance indicators.

                                               

तैनाती के फ़्लोचार्ट

Deployment diagram is a tool to display business process used to articulate the steps and stakeholders of this process. "Deployment flowcharts consist of a sequence of operation steps, as well as interaction between persons or groups." Each parti ...

                                               

डिजाइन विनिर्माण सेवा

Design services, fabrication business model that combines contract product design with contract manufacturing as a service for other companies that have inadequate or lack the necessary resources. The customer often focuses on other aspects of th ...

                                               

डिजिटल चालान सीमा शुल्क एक्सचेंज (पासा)

A digital invoice customs exchange is the idea of protection designed to prevent ways of tax avoidance, such as suppression of sales in the domestic trade and missing trader fraud, transfer pricing in cross-border trade. As such, the implementati ...

                                               

Dilutive सुरक्षा

Dilutive securities are financial instruments, typically options, warrants, convertible bonds - which increase the number of ordinary shares, in the case of its application, reducing, or "dilutes", basic earnings per share. Thus, only where dilut ...

                                               

कूटनीतिक पत्राचार

Diplomatic correspondence is a correspondence between one state and another state and, as a rule, formal. Should several of the most widely observed customs and style of composition, substance, presentation and delivery, and generally can be divi ...

                                               

वितरण (विपणन)

Distribution is one of the four elements of the marketing mix. Distribution is the process of creating a product or service available for consumer or business user that needs it. This can be done directly from the manufacturer or vendor, or throu ...

                                               

कुत्तों की डो

Dogs of the Dow is an investment strategy popularized by Michael B. o Higgins in 1991 and the official dogs of the Dow website which assumes that an investor annually select for investment the ten Dow Jones stock whose dividend is the highest par ...

                                               

Drawdown (अर्थशास्त्र)

Drawdown is the decline from a historical peak in some variable. More formally, if x T and T ≥ 0 {\textstyle HT\,T\geq 0} is a random process with X 0 = 0 {\textstyle x0=0}, the drawdown at time t {\the style property display value T}, let D T {\ ...

                                               

Drawdown कवर अनुपात

The ratio of subsidence cover is one of the key terms in project Finance funding agreements. It compares the projected maximum debt forecast net present value of the project cash flows over the life of the loan.

                                               

कारण परिश्रम

Examination of the investigation or implementation of care that a reasonable business or person would be expected to take before entering into an agreement or contract with the other party, or act with a certain level of service. It may be a lega ...

                                               

आय

Profit net gain from operations of corporations. Profit is also the amount on which corporate tax. For the analysis of certain aspects of the companies several more specific terms are used as EBIT -- earnings before interest and tax EBITDA - earn ...

                                               

आय कॉल

The challenge of earning the call or webcast in which a public company discusses the financial results of the reporting period. The name comes from the earnings per share, below the line number in the statement of profit and loss is divided by th ...

                                               

मौलिक लागत की योजना बना

Elemental cost planning is a system of cost planning and cost control, typically for buildings, which includes the cost of the system should be monitored during design development. 1951 was published in the Ministry of education Bulletin No. 4, w ...

                                               

लिफ्ट पिच

An Elevator pitch, Elevator speech, or statement, Elevator brief description of the idea, product or company, which explains the concept in such a way that any listener could understand it in a short time. This description usually explains who ca ...

                                               

उभरते बाजार में

Growing market-a market that has some characteristics of a developed market, but does not fully meet its standards. This includes markets that may be developed markets in the future or in the past. The term "frontier market" is used for developin ...

                                               

साम्राज्य-निर्माण

Empire-building is the practice of attempting to obtain more power and authority in the organization in order to self-aggrandizement, especially when there are additional employees or subordinates. In political science, Empire-building refers to ...

                                               

कर्मचारी offboarding

Manage the employee exit or outgoing describes a deliberately planned process of separation when an employee leaves the company for which they previously worked in the field of work or service contract. This applies to formal processes revolving ...

                                               

कर्मचारी स्वयं-सेवा

The employee self-service provides employees access to their personal records and details. ESS features include allowing people to change their contact details, banking information and benefits. ESS also allows you to perform administrative tasks ...

                                               

कर्मचारी मूल्य प्रस्ताव

DiVanna defined value proposition to the employee as the talent the company needs to exist to support the corporate values. Later DiVanna clarifies the definition of the value proposition as a portfolio of skills and experience that can be consid ...

                                               

ऊर्जा परामर्श

Energy consulting is a sub-discipline Environmental consulting that focuses on optimisation of business energy use and the sources from which we receive energy. Using consulting services can help you with switching solutions as well as maintenanc ...

                                               

इंजीनियर करने के लिए आदेश

Engineer to order is a production approach is characterized by: Upon receipt of customer order, purchase order technical requirements and specifications are not known in detail. There is a significant amount of design and engineering analysis. En ...

                                               

बढ़ाया उपयोग के पट्टे

In the United States, broader use of rental-it is a way of financing the construction or reconstruction on Federal property by allowing a private developer to lease underutilized property, with rent paid by the developer in the form of cash or in ...

                                               

उद्यम मॉडलिंग

Enterprise modeling is an abstract representation, description and definition of the structure, processes, information and resources for a specific business, government Agency, or other large organization. It examines the process of understanding ...

                                               

उद्यम सामाजिक नेटवर्किंग

Enterprise social networking focuses on the use of online social networks or social relations among people who share business interests and / or activities. Corporate social networks are often the object of corporate social software, which is ess ...

                                               

उद्यम सामाजिक सॉफ्टवेयर

Enterprise social software, comprises social software used in "enterprise" contexts. It includes social and networked modifications to corporate intranets and other classic software platforms used by large companies to organize their communicatio ...

                                               

आरोपित खिलाड़ी की दुविधा

The entrenched players dilemma is a concept presented in Wikinomics. This is the choice faced by existing businesses in a changing market. To accept new ideas, they need to abandon their current income. Don Tapscott and Anthony D. Williams explai ...

                                               

उद्यमी नेटवर्क

In business, entrepreneurial networks social organizations offering different types of resources to start or improve entrepreneurial projects. The availability of adequate human resources is a key factor for entrepreneurial achievements. Combined ...

                                               

उद्यमशीलता उन्मुखीकरण

Entrepreneurial orientation is a firm-level strategic orientation that captures the organizations strategy making, management philosophy, and firm type of behavior is entrepreneurial in nature. Entrepreneurial orientation has become one of the mo ...

                                               

उद्यमिता पारिस्थितिकी तंत्र

The entrepreneurial ecosystem or ecosystem of entrepreneurship is the socio-economic environment impacting local or regional businesses. Enterprises located in areas serving as incubators of creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship have a grea ...

                                               

घटना श्रृंखला आरेख

Chain of events chart visualizations that show the relationships between events and tasks and how the events affect each other. The chain of events diagrams are introduced as an integral part of the methodology of the chain of events. Methodology ...

                                               

घटना श्रृंखला पद्धति

Methodology chain of events is the method of network analysis, which focuses on identifying and managing events and the relationships between them that affect the project schedule. This uncertainty modeling method graph. Methodology chain of even ...

                                               

Evergreening

Under any of the various legal, technological and business strategies by which producers increase patents for the products are set to expire, in order to retain royalties from them, either taking out new patents or purchase, or annoying competito ...

                                               

कार्यकारी सुइट

Executive Suite in its most General definition is a collection of offices or rooms-or Suite - used by top managers and executives. For many years, this General term has taken on a number of specific values.

                                               

Exnovation

In Commerce and management, exnovation, as opposed to innovation, can arise when products and processes that have been tested and confirmed to be best-in-class standardized to ensure that they are not opened yet. Companies that followed exnovatio ...

                                               

Featherbedding

Featherbedding is the practice of hiring more workers than are needed to perform this task or to adopt procedures which appear pointless, complex and time-consuming merely to employ additional workers. The term "work" is sometimes used as a synon ...

                                               

Fedspeak

In the monetary policy of the United States, the term Fedspeak what Alan Blinder called "a turgid dialect of English" used by presidents of the Federal reserve system in making wordy, vague and ambiguous statements. The strategy that was used bef ...

                                               

फर्जी वस्तुओं

The concept of fictitious commodities, that happens in the book Polanyis Karl 1944 the Great transformation and applies to everything, regarded as a market product that is not designed for the market, specifically land, labour and money.

                                               

अंतिम विधानसभा अनुसूची

The final Assembly schedule, often abbreviated FAS and sometimes referred to as finishing schedule, the schedule of end items to finish the product for specific customer orders make to order or assemble to order.

                                               

रूपरेखा के वित्त

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Finance: Finance – addresses the ways in which individuals and organizations collect and distribute money over time, taking into account the risks in their projects.

                                               

खोजक फीस

In the United States, the Commission designated the compensation provided by the intermediary in a business transaction. As a rule, there is a causal connection between one of the parties and the mediator, and another relationship between the fin ...

                                               

ठीक प्रिंट

Fine print, small print, or "mouseprint" is less noticeable print smaller than the more obvious larger print it accompanies that advertises or otherwise describes or partially describes a commercial product or service. The larger print that is us ...

                                               

फर्म सेवा

Firm services, also called uninterruptible services, are services such as electricity and supply of natural gas, which is designed to be available at any time during the period covered by the contract. In addition, the service is not subject to p ...

                                               

पहले से गुजारें उपज

The first result, also known as throughput yield, defined as the number of units leaving the process divided by the number of units will be in this process for a certain period of time. Considered leaving the individual process, only good units w ...

                                               

पहली प्रस्तावक लाभ

In marketing strategies, first-mover advantage the advantage obtained by the initial significant occupant of a market segment. First-mover advantage can be achieved through technological leadership, or early acquisition of resources. A market par ...

                                               

प्रथम-पक्ष स्रोत

                                               

निर्धारित मूल्य अनुबंध

A contract with a fixed price is a type of contract where the amount of payment does not depend on the resources and time spent. Its the opposite of the contract "cost-plus", which is designed to cover costs with additional profit. This scheme is ...

                                               

ध्वज की सुविधा

A flag of convenience is the business practice whereby owners register a merchant ship in the ship registry of another country than the owners of ships, and the ship flies the civil Ensign of that country, called the national flag. The term is of ...

                                               

ध्वज की सुविधा (व्यापार)

For the term as used in dealing with ships and similar vessels, see Flag of convenience. In business and Commerce, the term flag of convenience of use of a place, jurisdiction, state or country as a nominal "home base" for those operations or Cha ...

                                               

बाजार बाढ़

Flooding the market refers to when an excessive amount of inventory for sale causes an unwanted drop in the price of a product, at least that makes the product impossible to sell at any price. Enterprises to take measures to avoid this. For examp ...

                                               

ध्यान केंद्रित वाक्यांश

"Focus phrase" is a term traditionally used in cognitive therapy and awareness-management discussions, and now more generally to describe the customer statements that cause the desired changes of the direction of attention. Psychologically relate ...

                                               

Forfaiting

In trade Finance, Forfaiting is a service providing medium-term financial support for export / import of capital goods. Third party support is called a forfaiter. In forfaiter provides medium-term financing, and also typically take on certain ris ...

                                               

सूत्र के लिए परिवर्तन

The formula for change is a model to estimate the relative strengths affecting the likely success of a programme of organizational change. Formula author: David Gleicher while he was working at Arthur D. little in the early 1960-ies, and also cla ...

                                               

फोरेस्टर प्रभाव मानचित्रण

Of the Forrester effect map is a business technique used for analyzing interference on the supply chain the order of the activities. Tool is one of the seven instruments, mapping the value stream as defined by Hines and rich. Forresters research, ...

                                               

आगे-आगे समझौते

In business and contract law, the agreement forward-forward is a form of forward rate agreement where a party agrees to provide party B M 1 the amount for a future time T 1. In return, B will pay a larger monetary amount m2 at time T 2 &T 1 GT. T ...

                                               

नि: शुल्क एजेंट (व्यापार)

In business, free agents are people who work independently for themselves, not for the same employer. They include self-employed, freelancers, independent contractors and temporary employees, which in total accounted for approximately 44% of the ...

                                               

मुक्त नकदी प्रवाह

In corporate Finance, free cash flow and free cash flow to the firm is a way of looking at business cash flow to see what is available for distribution among all the securities holders of a legal entity. It may be useful to parties such as shareh ...

                                               

मुक्त नकदी प्रवाह के लिए इक्विटी

In corporate Finance, free cash flow to equity is a measure of how much cash can be distributed to shareholders of shares of the company as dividends or stock buybacks - after all expenses, reinvestment and debt payments are taken care of. While ...

                                               

फ्रंट ऑफिस

Front office or reception area is where visitors arrive and the first meeting of employees at a place of business. The office staff will deal with any question of a visitor and put them in contact with officials in the company. Generally speaking ...

                                               

फ्रंटियर बाजारों में

The market boundary is a type of developing countries that are more developed than in the least developed countries, but too small, risky, or illiquid, as a rule, be regarded as an emerging market. The term is an economic term which was coined Kh ...

                                               

पूर्ण-समय के साथ बराबर

Full-time equivalents, or all of the time equivalent is a unit that indicates the workload of an employee so that loads and class loads comparable in different contexts. FTE is often used to measure workers or involving students in the project, o ...

                                               

धन

Funding of the law on the allocation of resources to need, program or project. And that, as a rule, in the form of money, it can also take the form of time and effort from the organization or company. Usually this word is used when the firm uses ...

                                               

वैश्विक सोर्सिंग

Global sourcing is the practice of finding a global market for goods and services across geopolitical boundaries. Global sourcing often aims at the development of global efficiency in the delivery of the product or service. These efficiencies are ...

                                               

गोल्डन बूट मुआवजा

Rewards Golden boot, also known as the Golden boot, is an inducement, using maximum incentives and financial benefits, for an older worker to take "voluntary" early retirement.

                                               

गोल्डन हथकड़ी

Golden handcuffs, a phrase first recorded in 1976, refers to financial allurements and benefits that have the objective to encourage highly compensated employees to remain in the company or organization, not moving from company to company. Golden ...

                                               

गोल्डन हैंडशेक

A Golden handshake is a clause in an employment contract that provides the Executive with a significant severance package in the case that the Executive loses their job through firing, restructuring, or even scheduled retirement. This can be in t ...

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