ⓘ मुक्त ज्ञानकोश. क्या आप जानते हैं? पृष्ठ 357

                                               

वैधीकरण

Legalization is the process of removing a legal prohibition on something currently illegal. Legalization is a process often applied to what is considered, by those who seek to legalize, as crimes, of which one example is the use of illegal drugs ...

                                               

गर्भपात को वैध और अपराध का प्रभाव

The effect of legalization of abortion on crime is a controversial hypothesis reduce the level of crime in the decades after the legalization of abortion, the result of fewer children at the highest risk of committing a crime are born out of a pr ...

                                               

लॉकडाउन

Blocking or limitation of emergency Protocol that usually prevents people or information area. Protocol generally may be initiated only someone in a position of power. The lock can also be used to protect people inside a facility or, for example, ...

                                               

Cesare Lombroso

Cesare Lombroso, Italian criminologist, physician and founder of the Italian school of positivist criminology. Lombroso rejected the established classical school, which held that crime was a characteristic trait of human nature. Instead, using co ...

                                               

नेली सकता है मैडिसन

Nellie may Madison was an American woman who was convicted of murder in 1934 for killing her husband. She was the first woman sentenced to death in California. In connection with a public outcry, her sentence was later commuted to life in prison, ...

                                               

बाजार में कमी दृष्टिकोण

The current development of the market reduction approach MRA originated in 1995, the British journal of criminology paper: supply by theft that was followed by a 1998 United Kingdom government home office study storage of stolen goods and theft: ...

                                               

मार्क्सवादी अपराध

Marxist criminology is one of the schools of criminology. He coordinates the work of the structural functionalism school which focuses on what provides stability and continuity in society but, unlike the functionalists, it adopts a predefined pol ...

                                               

घास का मैदान के कानून

Now discredited, the law of the meadows was much precept in use until recently in the field of protection of children, especially those investigating cases of several hundred or sudden infant death syndrome – SIDS – within a single family.

                                               

के प्रभाव पर शोध हिंसा में बड़े पैमाने पर मीडिया

Study of violence in mass media analyzes the degree of correlation between themes of violence in media with real-world aggression and violence over time. Many scientists communicate. However, some scholars argue that media research methodological ...

                                               

मध्ययुगीन अंडरवर्ल्ड

The medieval world-picture book 1972 author Andrew McCall, published by Barnes & noble books, new York. It details the basics of criminal and ecclesiastical justice from the fall of Rome to about 1500. The book was recognized as a sign Galeottis ...

                                               

मिनियापोलिस घरेलू हिंसा का प्रयोग

The Minneapolis domestic violence experiment was evaluated the effectiveness of different police response to domestic violence in Minneapolis, Minnesota. This experiment was implemented during 1981-82 B. Lawrence Sherman, Director of research at ...

                                               

मिनेसोटा प्रोटोकॉल

The Minnesota Protocol on the investigation into potentially wrongful death is an international standard for the investigation of suspicious deaths, particularly those in which the liability of the state I suspect. The original version of the Pro ...

                                               

गतिशीलता त्रिकोण

In criminology, mobility triangles-triangular areas are formed at the locations of the victims home offenders and crime. They are used to describe the spatial patterns of crimes and to facilitate the classification of crimes based on location. In ...

                                               

काम करने का ढंग

The modus operandi is someones habits of working, particularly in the context of the case or of criminal prosecution, but in General. Its a Latin phrase, approximately translated as mode of operation.

                                               

हत्या दृढ़ विश्वास के बिना एक शरीर

Conviction for murder when no body can. Historically, that things of this kind, it was hard to prove, forcing the prosecution to rely on other evidence, usually circumstantial. Developments in the field of forensic medicine by the end of the 20th ...

                                               

कथा अपराध स्क्रिप्ट

The narrative scenario of the crime is a step-by-step account of the procedures and decision-making process in a particular case, usually associated with illegal activity. Its built using a logical sequence of events that is easily interpreted by ...

                                               

राष्ट्रीय संग्रहालय के अपराध और सजा

National Museum of crime and punishment also known as crime Museum, was a private Museum dedicated to the history of criminology and Penology in the United States. It was located in the neighborhood of Penn Quarter in Washington, D.C., half a blo ...

                                               

NDCRTC

National digital crime and a learning resource Center is the operation of the center under his wing, senior Vice-President of National police Academy to strengthen the capacity of law enforcement agencies in investigation of cybercrime. This cent ...

                                               

नव-शास्त्रीय स्कूल (अपराध)

In criminology, the Neo-classical school continues the traditions of the classical school within the framework of right realism. Thus, utilitarianism Jeremiah Bentham and Cesare Beccaria remains a relevant social philosophy in policy, using punis ...

                                               

नव सामंतवाद

Neo-feudalism or new feudalism is the theory, the contemporary rebirth of policies of governance, economy and public life reminiscent of those present in many feudal societies, such as unequal rights and legal protections for common people and no ...

                                               

Neurocriminology

Neurocriminology is a new sub-discipline of criminology and biocriminology, in terms of imaging techniques of the brain and principles of neuroscience to understand, predict, and prevent crime.

                                               

Nurturant रणनीति

Nurturant strategy is a crime prevention Strategy that attempts to prevent development of crime through nurturing actions in the framework of early intervention. This strategy works to improve early life experiences and channel development of chi ...

                                               

संगठन-सांस्कृतिक विचलन

                                               

Overcriminalization

Overcriminalization is the concept that the criminalization becomes redundant, and this means that the excessive number of laws and regulations, the recognition of the illegal have a detrimental effect on society, especially in relation to crimes ...

                                               

मनुहार सिद्धांत

Peace theory is a counter-hegemonic approach to the study of police and security, which considers the security-industrial complex as an organization and systematic war strategy to attract internal and external enemies, and also acts as a process ...

                                               

दंड लोकलुभावनवाद

Penal populism is a process in which the main political parties compete with each other to be "fighting crime". It is generally associated with the public perception that crime is out of control and usually manifest during the General elections w ...

                                               

Phenomenological अपराध

Phenomenological criminology a perspective on crime causation. Its roots are derived from phenomenology that the idea is relevant only in the human mind and human consciousness and invisible to the outside world. Its relation to criminology claim ...

                                               

कपालविद्या

Phrenology, meaning, mind, and λόγος, knowledge) is a pseudoscience that includes measuring bumps on the skull to predict mental traits. It is based on the concept that the brain is the organ of the psyche, and that certain brain areas have local ...

                                               

Polycrates जटिल

This complex was named in honor of the tyrant policriti, who, instead of listening to his daughters prophecy of his impending death, went to visit a treacherous would-benefactor and was murdered.

                                               

प्रत्यक्षवादी स्कूल (अपराध)

The Positivist school was Cesare Lombroso founded and led two others, Enrico Ferri and Raffaele Garofalo. In criminology, the Positivist school is trying to find scientific objectivity for the measurement and quantification of criminal behavior. ...

                                               

आधुनिकता के बाद स्कूल (अपराध)

In the postmodern school of criminology applies postmodernism to the study of crime and criminals. It is based on the understanding of "crime" as a product of the use of power to restrict the behavior of those people was removed from power, but w ...

                                               

पूर्व अपराध

Pre-crime is a term coined by science fiction author Philip K. dick. It is increasingly used in academic literature to describe and to criticize the tendency in criminal justice systems to focus on crimes not yet committed. Pre-crime intervenes t ...

                                               

भविष्य कहनेवाला पुलिस

Predictive safety refers to the use of mathematical, predictive analysis and other analytical techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activity. Forecasting methods of policing can be divided into four General categories: meth ...

                                               

प्राथमिक विचलन

Primary deviance is the initial stage in the definition of deviant behavior. Prominent sociologist Edwin Lemert conceptualized primary deviance as engaging in the initial act of deviance. It is very common in society, as everyone takes part in ba ...

                                               

समस्या को सुलझाने के न्यायालयों, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में

Problem-solving courts address the major problems that contribute to criminal behavior and the current trend in the legal system of the United States. In 1989, a judge in Miami began to take a practical approach to drug addicts, ordering them int ...

                                               

मनो अपराध

Psychoanalytic criminology is a method of studying crime and criminal behaviour that draws from Freudian psychoanalysis. This school of thought examines personality and the psyche on the motive of the crime. Other areas of interest fear of crime ...

                                               

सार्वजनिक अपराध

Public criminology is an approach to criminology that distributes criminological research beyond academic circles to a wider audience, including practitioners in the criminal justice system and the public. Public criminology is closely tied to pu ...

                                               

Pyrrhic हार सिद्धांत

In criminology, a Pyrrhic defeat theory is a way of looking at politics in the field of criminal justice. This suggests that the intention of the criminal justice system are the opposite of common expectation, it acts the way it does in order to ...

                                               

मात्रात्मक तरीकों में अपराध

Quantitative methods provide primary research methods for studying the distribution and causes of crime. Quantitative methods provide numerous ways to obtain data that will be useful to many aspects of society. The use of quantitative methods suc ...

                                               

कट्टरपंथी अपराध

Radical criminology States that society "functions" from the point of view of the General interests of the ruling class rather than "society as a whole" and that, although the potential for conflict is always present, he always neutralizes power ...

                                               

तर्कसंगत विकल्प सिद्धांत (अपराध)

In criminology, rational choice theory adopts a utilitarian belief that individuals are reasoning actors who weigh means and ends, costs and benefits, in order to make a rational choice. This method was developed by Cornish and Clarke to assist i ...

                                               

आश्वासन पुलिस

Reassurance police sample police that centers on signal crimes. Developed in the United Kingdom, the confidence of the police aims to identify "signals", and involve the population in solving social problems.

                                               

जुर्म

Recidivism is the act of a person repeating an undesirable behavior after they either experience the negative consequences of such behavior, or have been trained to extinguish that behavior. It is also used to denote the percentage of former pris ...

                                               

धार्मिक शोषण

Abuse religious abuse under the guise of religion including harassment or humiliation, which can lead to psychological trauma. For religious abuse may also include misuse of religion for selfish, secular or ideological goals, such as abuse of a c ...

                                               

सम्मान एजेंडा

Respect agenda was launched in September 2005 by Tony Blair in the UK. Tony Blair described it as "putting the law-abiding majority at the head of their community". His goal was to help Central government, local authorities, local communities and ...

                                               

जोखिम और बीमांकिक अपराध

Risk and actuarial criminology, unlike many other theories of crime, does not focus on the causality of crime. He believes that the social world is too complex and interrelated to understand what causes the behavior or action. This theory seeks t ...

                                               

जोखिम कारक (अपराध)

Risk factor research were submitted in the framework of the discipline of criminology in recent years, relying mainly on the early works of Sheldon and Eleanor Gluck in the USA and David Farrington in the UK. Identification of risk factors, which ...

                                               

जोखिम की जरूरत है-responsivity मॉडल

Risk parameters-the sensitivity of the model or models used in criminology, to develop recommendations on how prisoners should be assessed on the basis of the danger they represent and what they do, and what environments they should be placed in ...

                                               

बदमाशों' गैलरी

In 1855, Allan Pinkerton, founder of the National detective Agency Pinkerton, creating a gallery of rogues – a compilation of descriptions, methods of operation, methods, hiding places, and names of criminals and their accomplices. At the beginni ...

                                               

भूमिका घिराव

In labeling theory, role absorption refers to how the personality of the person becomes based on the role the person assumes, superseding other roles. A negative role such as "patient" can serve as constraints on the self-esteem.

                                               

बुराई की जड़ें

The roots of evil: a social history of Crime and punishment is a book written by Christopher Hibbert in 1963 which traces the development of the system of social justice, mainly from the point of view of English, although information about the co ...

                                               

गुलाब की रिपोर्ट

The rose report is an online criminal justice construction lead service. They report on the design, construction, repair work, and material support from prisons, police departments, judicial institutions, correctional centers, public safety cente ...

                                               

Rossmo के सूत्र

Formula Rossmos is a geographic profiling formula to predict where a serial criminal lives. The formula was developed and patented in 1996, criminologist Kim Rossmo and integrated into a specialized crime analysis software product called Rigel. T ...

                                               

नियमित गतिविधि सिद्धांत

Normal activity theory is a sub-theory of the possibility of crime, which focuses on situations of crimes. It was first proposed by Marcus Felson and Lawrence E. Cohen in his explanation of changes in the level of crime in the United States from ...

                                               

परपीड़क व्यक्तित्व विकार

Sadistic personality disorder is a personality disorder involving sadism which appeared in the Appendix of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. In later versions of the DSM did not include it. The words sadism and sadist are ...

                                               

आत्म-नियंत्रण के सिद्धांत के अपराध

Self-control theory of crime, which is often called the General theory of crime is a criminological theory about the lack of individual self-control as a major factor in criminal behavior. Self-control theory of crime suggests that individuals wh ...

                                               

सीरियल अपराध

Serial crimes are crimes of a repetitive nature. Serial murder, serial rape and serial arson are the crimes are serial crimes. However, according to criminologists, a habitual offender or a criminal, not always is a serial offender.

                                               

यौन शिकारी

Sexual predator is a person seen as obtaining or trying to obtain sexual contact with another person in a metaphorically "predatory" or abusive manner. Similar to how a predator hunts down its prey, so the sexual predator is thought to "hunt" for ...

                                               

यौन हिंसा

Sexual violence is any sexual act or attempt to obtain a sexual act by violence or coercion, acts to traffic a person or acts directed against a persons sexuality, regardless of relationship to the victim. It happens in peacetime and in armed con ...

                                               

यौन हिंसा के द्वारा अंतरंग भागीदारों

Sexual violence by an intimate partner deals with the incidence in the country: physical violence, forced sex or marital rape in the context of domestic violence. Sexy partner sexual violence is defined by any unwanted sexual contact or activity ...

                                               

यौन हिंसक शिकारी कानूनों

In some jurisdictions, can make certain types of dangerous sexual offenders in state custody after serving his sentence, if the person has a "mental abnormality" or personality disorder that makes the person to engage in sexual offenses if not re ...

                                               

Shlomo Giora शोहम

Shlomo Shoham was born in Lithuania in 1929 and immigrated to Israel in 1935. He was married and had a son and a daughter, the former died in the Yom Kippur War. After the death of his son, he added, Giora his name his sons name.

                                               

संकेत अपराध

A signal crime is a concept coined by Professor Martin Innes and Professor Nigel Fielding, aiming to "capture the social semiotic processes by which certain types of criminal and disorderly conduct have a disproportionate impact on fear of crime" ...

                                               

हस्ताक्षर अपराध

Signature crime is a crime that shows symptoms characteristic of specific criminals, known as signature aspects, signature behaviours or signature characteristics. Where the modus operandi for the practical components of a crime can also be uniqu ...

                                               

स्थितिजन्य अपराधी

In criminology the term situational offender is used in several meanings, their common denominator to be the atypical nature of the offense in question for the person according to some criteria.

                                               

सामाजिक नियंत्रण के सिद्धांत

In criminology, theory of social control suggests that the use of the process of socialization and social learning builds self-control and reduces the inclination to indulge in behavior recognized as antisocial. It follows from the functional the ...

                                               

सामाजिक विप्लव के सिद्धांत

In sociology, the theory of social disorganization is a theory developed by the Chicago school, related to ecological theories. The theory directly links crime rates in the area of environmental performance, one of the main principles of the theo ...

                                               

सामाजिक नेटवर्क विश्लेषण (अपराध)

Social network analysis in criminology views social relationships in terms of network theory consisting of nodes and links, these networks are often depicted in the diagram of a social network, where nodes are represented as points and ties are r ...

                                               

Sociobiological सिद्धांतों के साथ बलात्कार

Sociobiological theories of rape explore how evolutionary adaptation influences the psychology of rapists. Such theories are highly controversial, as traditional theories typically do not consider rape to be a behavioral adaptation. Some object t ...

                                               

Somatotype और संवैधानिक मनोविज्ञान

The somatotype is a taxonomy, developed in the 1940s by American psychologist William Herbert Sheldons classification of human body according to the relative contribution of three main elements, which he called somatotypes, they are classified as ...

                                               

राज्य अपराध

In criminology, state crime is action or inaction that violates the States own criminal law and public international law. For these purposes, Ross defines "state" as elected and appointed officials, the bureaucracy and institutions, bodies and or ...

                                               

राज्य-कॉर्पोरेट अपराध

In criminology, the concept of state-corporate crime refers to crimes that result from the relationship between state policy and the policies and practices of commercial companies. This term was coined by Kramer and Michalowski, and is overridden ...

                                               

सांख्यिकीय सहसंबंध के आपराधिक व्यवहार

Statistical correlations of criminal behavior to examine associations of specific criminogenic factors with specific crimes. Criminology examines the dynamics of crime. Most of these studies use data correlation, that is, they try to determine th ...

                                               

Subcultural सिद्धांत

In criminology, subcultural theory derived from the work of the Chicago school on gangs and developed through the symbolic interactionism school into a set of theories arguing that certain groups or subcultures in society of values and attitudes ...

                                               

माइक Sutton (क्रिमिनोलॉजिस्ट)

Michael Robert Sutton is a former reader in criminology in the school of social Sciences the Nottingham Trent University, where he founded the now defunct center for the study and reduce bias, prejudice, and crimes motivated by hatred and a co-fo ...

                                               

तकनीक का निराकरण

Techniques of neutralization are a theoretical series of methods by which those who temporarily commit illegal acts to neutralize certain values within themselves that usually forbid them to do things such as morality, obligation to obey the law, ...

                                               

टेरियर मोफिट के विकास के सिद्धांत का अपराध

Terry Moffitt, an American psychologist, described in 1993, dual subordination is undesirable behavior in an attempt to explain the development processes that lead to the characteristic shape of the age crime curve. Moffitts original statement of ...

                                               

चिकित्सीय शासन

The term therapeutic management was used to proliferate in the literature, referring to two related concepts. Therapeutic management was first coined Vannessa Pupavac to describe the Department of psychology of the population and its significance ...

                                               

परिवर्तनकारी न्याय

Transformative justice is a General philosophical strategy for responding to conflicts. It adopts the principles and practices of restorative justice beyond the criminal justice system. It is used in areas such as environmental law, corporate law ...

                                               

शहरी भजन

City anthem is a 2015 British coming-of-age drama directed by Michael Caton-Jones, wrote Nick Moorcroft starring: Letitia Wright, Shirley Henderson, Isabella Lochland, Ian HART, starring Steven Mackintosh.

                                               

शिकार का अध्ययन

A study of victim survey such as British crime survey, that asks a sample of people which crimes have been committed against them over a certain period of time, or they were not reported to the police. Victim studies may be carried out at nationa ...

                                               

Victimology

Victimology-the study of victimization, including psychological impact on victims, relationships between victims and offenders, the interaction between victims and the criminal justice system, i.e. police and courts, and corrections - and the rel ...

                                               

सफेद यह

Whites initiative with the aim of identifying appropriate action against child pornography on the Internet. In the context of this initiative, the delegates of the associations of victims, the Internet companies, it industry and medical associati ...

                                               

शून्य सहिष्णुता

A zero-tolerance policy is one that imposes penalties for each violation of this rule. A zero tolerance policy prohibit people, empowered by decisions at its discretion or changing punishments in the circumstances subjectively, they are required ...

                                               

शून्य सहिष्णुता (स्कूलों)

A zero-tolerance policy in schools-a strict adherence to rules and restrictions in relation to the behavior or items of unwanted school. Public criticism against this policy arose from the sometimes negative consequences of use, when the actions ...

                                               

भागने सुरंग

The tunnel represents a form of secret passage used as part of the escape from the siege and captivity. In medieval times such tunnels are usually constructed by the builders of castles or palaces who wish to have an escape route if their domain ...

                                               

भगोड़ा

A fugitive is a person who flees from custody, whether it be from jail, a government arrest, government or non-government questioning, vigilante violence, or outraged private individuals. A fugitive from justice, also known as the man we wanted m ...

                                               

महिला गिरोहों संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में

In his book about women in gang culture, Taylor claims that historians have documented female participation in band and all-female gangs, built in the early twentieth century, but is traditionally limited their studies, how these gangs relate to ...

                                               

हत्या के आंकड़े लिंग द्वारा

According to the office of the United Nations office on drugs and crime, worldwide, 78.7% of homicide victims are male, and in 193 of the 202 countries and regions, men were more likely to die than women. Two, the ratio was 50:50, and the remaini ...

                                               

सेक्स मतभेद में अपराध

Sex differences in crime are differences between men and women as the perpetrators or victims of crime. Such studies may belong to fields such as criminology, sociobiology, or feminist studies. Despite the difficulty of their interpretation, the ...

                                               

हथियारों की तस्करी

Arms trafficking, also known as the arms trade, in a broad sense, as illegal trade, smuggling of small arms and ammunition, which is part of a wide range of illegal activities often associated with transnational criminal organizations. The illici ...

                                               

बनिया

The term salesman has different meanings in different countries. "Salesman" is the term for a traveling salesman, mostly British use. The first known use of the term occurred in 1808. It can also mean, vagrants or homeless. The salesman also used ...

                                               

दांतेदार कंधोंवाला मशीन (धोखाधड़ी)

                                               

मवेशी छापा मारने

Stealing cattle is the act of stealing cattle. In Australia, such stealing is often referred to as Duffing, and the perpetrator as a duffer. In North America, especially in the Wild West cowboy culture, cattle theft is dubbed rustling, while a ma ...

                                               

चुनाव कलाकारों की सूची

Jeanne of Valois-Saint-Remy 1756-1791: the chief conspirator in the case of the diamond necklace, which you then poor tarnished the French Royal family and reputation, among other reasons, led eventually to the French revolution. Gregor McGregor ...

                                               

अनुबंध की हत्या

A contract killing is a form of murder in which one party hires another party to kill a target an individual or group of people. It involves an illegal agreement between two or more parties in which one party agrees to kill the target in exchange ...

                                               

डकैती

Of dacoity is term used for "banditry" in the Indian subcontinent. Spelling-translation to the version of the Hindustani Word and as colloquial Indian English the word in this sense, it appears in a Glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and p ...

                                               

डांस बार (भारत)

Dance bar is a term used in India to refer to bars in which adult entertainment in the form of dancing in a relatively well-covered women are performed for male patrons in exchange for cash. Dance bars were present only in Maharashtra, but later ...

                                               

सुरक्षा हैकर

Security hacker is someone who explores the ways violations of protection and use weaknesses in a computer system or network. Hackers can be due to many reasons, such as profit, protest, information gathering, challenge, relaxation, for the asses ...

                                               

मतावलंबी

Henchman is a loyal employee, a supporter or helper of some powerful figure engaged in nefarious or criminal enterprises. Henchman is usually relatively unimportant in the organization, minion, whose value rests primarily on their unconditional l ...

यह वेबसाइट कुकीज़ का उपयोग करती है। कुकीज़ आपको याद हैं इसलिए हम आपको एक बेहतर ऑनलाइन अनुभव दे सकते हैं।
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